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Reasons for the emergence of the industrial revolution

Learn about the main causes of the emergence of the Industrial Revolution

The reasons for the emergence of the Industrial Revolution are a complex and subject to debate, for several reasons, the most prominent of which are the following:

  • Many geographical factors and mineral resources are abundant within Britain.
  • Provides different ores of minerals.
  • Provides significant levels of coal reserves in that period.
  • The end of the feudal system, as some historians believe that the end of this system is a major reason for the emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Britain.
  • Imposing customs duties, especially in large markets.
  • The emergence of the patent system, in order to ensure property rights.
  • The emergence of many inventions, most notably spinning machines. 

Why is Britain the cradle of the Industrial Revolution?

Britain is the cradle of the Industrial Revolution for several reasons, most notably the following:

  • The emergence of a number of financial institutions, most notably the Central Bank.
  • Building many factories as a result of supporting investors with various profits, most notably the profits of commercial industries and cotton.
  • The British economy boomed as a result of the English Revolution of the 17th century.
  • Livestock farming flourished in Britain due to its humid climate suitable for livestock.
  • Britain was famous for the production of textiles made of cotton, wool, and linen.
  • The emergence of industries resulting from smelting iron with coke, which contributed to increasing the quality and reducing the price.

The most prominent effects of the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution affected the social and economic organizations of the state. Among the most prominent of these effects are the following:

  • Contributed to the increase in international trade.
  • Contributed to the development of the administrative hierarchy, for the purpose of supervising and dividing the works.
  • Contributed to the inflation of production as a result of the use of machinery, which led to the low prices of products and the cost of production.
  • helped found trade unions; To improve conditions for workers and enact laws.
  • Contributed to the growth of cities and their overcrowding.
  • Contributed to the increase of migration from the countryside to the city.
  • Contributed to the emergence of industrial pollution and urban congestion in the world.